Integrative Molecular Phenotyping
INTEGRATIVE MOLECULAR
PHENOTYPING
WHEELOCK LABORATORY
DEPARTMENT OF MEDICAL
BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOPHYSICS
WHEELOCK LABORATORY
DEPARTMENT OF MEDICAL
BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOPHYSICS
WHEELOCK LABORATORY
DEPARTMENT OF MEDICAL
BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOPHYSICS
WHEELOCK LABORATORY
DEPARTMENT OF MEDICAL
BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOPHYSICS
WHEELOCK LABORATORY
DEPARTMENT OF MEDICAL
BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOPHYSICS
WHEELOCK LABORATORY

PubMed

PubMed
NCBI: db=pubmed; Term=metabolomics
Updated: 47 min 48 sec ago

metabolomics; +17 new citations

Tue, 26/06/2018 - 19:36
17 new pubmed citations were retrieved for your search. Click on the search hyperlink below to display the complete search results: metabolomics These pubmed results were generated on 2018/06/26PubMed comprises more than millions of citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.

metabolomics; +17 new citations

Tue, 26/06/2018 - 13:18
17 new pubmed citations were retrieved for your search. Click on the search hyperlink below to display the complete search results: metabolomics These pubmed results were generated on 2018/06/26PubMed comprises more than millions of citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.

Simultaneous quantification of straight-chain and branched-chain short chain fatty acids by gas chromatography mass spectrometry.

Mon, 25/06/2018 - 15:48
Related Articles Simultaneous quantification of straight-chain and branched-chain short chain fatty acids by gas chromatography mass spectrometry. J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2018 Jun 18;1092:359-367 Authors: He L, Prodhan MAI, Yuan F, Yin X, Lorkiewicz PK, Wei X, Feng W, McClain C, Zhang X Abstract Biomedical research in areas such as metabolic disorders, neuromodulatory, and immunomodulatory conditions involves lipid metabolism and demands a reliable and inexpensive method for quantification of short chain fatty acids (SCFAs). We report a GC-MS method for analysis of all straight-chain and branched-chain SCFAs using pentafluorobenzyl bromide (PFBBr) as derivatization reagent. We optimized the derivatization and GC-MS conditions using a mixture containing all eight SCFA standards, i.e., five straight-chain and three branched-chain SCFAs. The optimal derivatization conditions were derivatization time 90 min, temperature 60 °C, pH 7, and (CH3)2CO:H2O ratio 2:1 (v:v). Comparing the performance of different GC column configurations, a 30 m DB-225ms hyphenated with a 30 m DB-5ms column in tandem showed the best separation of SCFAs. Using the optimized experiment conditions, we simultaneously detected all SCFAs with much improved detection limit, 0.244-0.977 μM. We further applied the developed method to measure the SCFAs in mouse feces and all SCFAs were successfully quantified. The recovery rates of the eight SCFAs ranged from 55.7% to 97.9%. PMID: 29936372 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Isoniazid-induced hepatotoxicity and neurotoxicity in rats investigated by 1H NMR based metabolomics approach.

Mon, 25/06/2018 - 15:48
Related Articles Isoniazid-induced hepatotoxicity and neurotoxicity in rats investigated by 1H NMR based metabolomics approach. Toxicol Lett. 2018 Jun 21;: Authors: Ruan LY, Fan JT, Hong W, Zhao H, Li MH, Jiang L, Fu YH, Xing YX, Chen C, Wang JS Abstract Isoniazid (INH) is a well-known therapeutic and preventive agent against tuberculosis. However, high rates of side effects with various symptoms concerning hepatotoxicity and neurotoxicity have been reported, hindering its wide and safe application in clinic. In this investigation, rats were intoxicated with INH by gavage at doses of 200 and 400 mg/kg for 7 consecutive days to develop a rat model of acute INH-induced toxicity, which was investigated by a 1H NMR-based metabolomics complemented with clinical assays, histopathological inspection and western blotting. INH decreased the weights of dosed rats and induced seizure and hepatic steatosis dose-dependently. Orthogonal signal correction partial least-squares discriminant analysis (OSC-PLS-DA) of the NMR profiles of rat livers, brains and serum revealed that INH dose-dependently induced oxidative stress, disorders of excitatory and inhibitory amino acid neurotransmitters, and disturbances of energy metabolism and osmotic balance, which could help clarify the mechanisms of INH-induced hepatotoxicity and neurotoxicity. This integrated metabolomics approach showcased its ability to characterize the global metabolic status of organism, providing a powerful and feasible tool to probe drug induced toxicity or side effects. PMID: 29936297 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Omics approaches to understand sourdough fermentation processes.

Mon, 25/06/2018 - 15:48
Related Articles Omics approaches to understand sourdough fermentation processes. Int J Food Microbiol. 2018 Jun 07;: Authors: Weckx S, Van Kerrebroeck S, De Vuyst L Abstract The application of omics methodologies helps to further unravel sourdough fermentation processes. Of all methodologies applied, metagenetics is the most used one to analyse sourdoughs, allowing to elucidate their microbial structure, albeit that it is based on the sequencing of a very small part of whole-community DNA. Although shotgun metagenomics, metatranscriptomics, metaproteomics, and meta-metabolomics are very promising to analyse sourdough fermentations and the terminology is often used in a confusing way, they have not been fully used sensu stricto yet. For instance, up to now, metatranscriptomics is restricted to the use of a functional gene microarray for lactic acid bacteria. Further, meta-metabolomics often deals with metabolite target analysis of sourdough fermentation samples to determine the actual concentrations of residual substrates and metabolites produced as well as to list their volatilome solely. In contrast, genomics has been applied several times, albeit that the whole-genome sequence of only one yeast strain and of 41 lactic acid bacterial strains, originally isolated from sourdoughs, is available. However, the genomics data accessible in public databases should be considered with caution because of inaccurate gene annotations, due to automated annotation pipelines, thereby possibly overruling original, high-quality, well-curated gene annotations. PMID: 29935929 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Different milk feeding intensities during the first 4 weeks of rearing dairy calves: Part 3: Plasma metabolomics analysis reveals long-term metabolic imprinting in Holstein heifers.

Mon, 25/06/2018 - 15:48
Related Articles Different milk feeding intensities during the first 4 weeks of rearing dairy calves: Part 3: Plasma metabolomics analysis reveals long-term metabolic imprinting in Holstein heifers. J Dairy Sci. 2018 Jun 20;: Authors: Kenéz Á, Koch C, Korst M, Kesser J, Eder K, Sauerwein H, Huber K Abstract Adequate nutrition of calves is a fundamental requirement for efficient production in later life. Suboptimal nutrition before weaning could have detrimental long-term effects on metabolic health and could thereby decrease production efficiency. In this study, the metabolomic profiles of German Holstein calves reared on whole milk ad libitum (n = 10), milk replacer ad libitum (n = 9), and milk replacer in restricted amounts (n = 9) were compared. Furthermore, this profiling approach was extended to the first lactation in the same animals for characterizing the long-term effect of quantitative and qualitative dietary manipulations affecting calves during development in a period that is sensitive to metabolic imprinting. Blood plasma samples were collected on d 3, 22, and 52 of life as well as during wk 4 before and wk 3 and 8 after the first calving. Samples were subjected to a targeted metabolomics analysis using the AbsoluteIDQ p180 kit of Biocrates Life Science AG (Innsbruck, Austria). Profiling of metabolomics data was performed by principal component analysis and heatmap visualization of the metabolome, as well as by comparing fold changes and t-test statistics of metabolites. A quantitative identification of 180 plasma metabolites was possible, belonging to the metabolite classes of acyl-carnitines, AA, biogenic amines, phosphatidylcholines, lysophosphatidylcholines, sphingomyelins, and hexoses. Comparing metabolite concentrations between ad libitum-reared and restrictively reared animals revealed significant differences both during calfhood as well as during first lactation. Most dominantly, acylcarnitines of both short- and long-chain length were more abundant in ad libitum reared animals in the long-term, suggesting alterations in mitochondrial function, most likely indicating adaptive mechanisms of energy expenditure. Furthermore, plasma sphingomyelin concentrations were affected by ad libitum versus restricted milk replacer feeding, which can imply long-term modulatory mechanisms affecting insulin sensitivity. The functional characterization of the identified metabolic patterns, particularly the alterations of single lipid species, is required for further improving our understanding of the links between early nutrition shaping metabolic development and a healthy productive life of Holstein dairy cows. PMID: 29935828 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Re: Laíns et al.: Human plasma metabolomics study across all stages of age-related macular degeneration identifies potential lipid biomarkers (Ophthalmology. 2018;125:245-254).

Mon, 25/06/2018 - 15:48
Related Articles Re: Laíns et al.: Human plasma metabolomics study across all stages of age-related macular degeneration identifies potential lipid biomarkers (Ophthalmology. 2018;125:245-254). Ophthalmology. 2018 Jul;125(7):e45-e46 Authors: Liu B, Chen S PMID: 29935673 [PubMed - in process]

Karenia brevis allelopathy compromises the lipidome, membrane integrity, and photosynthesis of competitors.

Sun, 24/06/2018 - 12:26
Related Articles Karenia brevis allelopathy compromises the lipidome, membrane integrity, and photosynthesis of competitors. Sci Rep. 2018 Jun 22;8(1):9572 Authors: Poulin RX, Hogan S, Poulson-Ellestad KL, Brown E, Fernández FM, Kubanek J Abstract The formation, propagation, and maintenance of harmful algal blooms are of interest due to their negative effects on marine life and human health. Some bloom-forming algae utilize allelopathy, the release of compounds that inhibit competitors, to exclude other species dependent on a common pool of limiting resources. Allelopathy is hypothesized to affect bloom dynamics and is well established in the red tide dinoflagellate Karenia brevis. K. brevis typically suppresses competitor growth rather than being acutely toxic to other algae. When we investigated the effects of allelopathy on two competitors, Asterionellopsis glacialis and Thalassiosira pseudonana, using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and mass spectrometry (MS)-based metabolomics, we found that the lipidomes of both species were significantly altered. However, A. glacialis maintained a more robust metabolism in response to K. brevis allelopathy whereas T. pseudonana exhibited significant alterations in lipid synthesis, cell membrane integrity, and photosynthesis. Membrane-associated lipids were significantly suppressed for T. pseudonana exposed to allelopathy such that membranes of living cells became permeable. K. brevis allelopathy appears to target lipid biosynthesis affecting multiple physiological pathways suggesting that exuded compounds have the ability to significantly alter competitor physiology, giving K. brevis an edge over sensitive species. PMID: 29934632 [PubMed - in process]

New plasma preparation approach to enrich metabolome coverage in untargeted metabolomics: plasma protein bound hydrophobic metabolite release with proteinase K.

Sun, 24/06/2018 - 12:26
Related Articles New plasma preparation approach to enrich metabolome coverage in untargeted metabolomics: plasma protein bound hydrophobic metabolite release with proteinase K. Sci Rep. 2018 Jun 22;8(1):9541 Authors: Wawrzyniak R, Kosnowska A, Macioszek S, Bartoszewski R, Jan Markuszewski M Abstract Plasma untargeted metabolomics is a common method for evaluation of the mechanisms underlying human pathologies and identification of novel biomarkers. The plasma proteins provide the environment for transport of hydrophobic metabolites. The current sample preparation protocol relies on the immediate precipitation of proteins and thus leads to co-precipitation of a significant fraction of hydrophobic metabolites. Here we present a new simple procedure that overcomes the co-precipitation problem and improves metabolome coverage. Introducing an additional step preceding the protein precipitation, namely limited digestion with proteinase K, allows release of associated metabolites through the relaxation of the native proteins tertiary structure. The modified protocol allows clear detection of hydrophobic metabolites including fatty acids and phospholipids. Considering the potential involvement of the hydrophobic metabolites in human cardiovascular and cancer diseases, the method may constitute a novel approach in plasma untargeted metabolomics. PMID: 29934622 [PubMed - in process]

Pyruvate dehydrogenase complex plays a central role in brown adipocyte energy expenditure and fuel utilization during short-term beta-adrenergic activation.

Sun, 24/06/2018 - 12:26
Related Articles Pyruvate dehydrogenase complex plays a central role in brown adipocyte energy expenditure and fuel utilization during short-term beta-adrenergic activation. Sci Rep. 2018 Jun 22;8(1):9562 Authors: Held NM, Kuipers EN, van Weeghel M, van Klinken JB, Denis SW, Lombès M, Wanders RJ, Vaz FM, Rensen PCN, Verhoeven AJ, Boon MR, Houtkooper RH Abstract Activation of brown adipose tissue (BAT) contributes to total body energy expenditure through energy dissipation as heat. Activated BAT increases the clearance of lipids and glucose from the circulation, but how BAT accommodates large influx of multiple substrates is not well defined. The purpose of this work was to assess the metabolic fluxes in brown adipocytes during β3-adrenergic receptor (β3-AR) activation.T37i murine preadipocytes were differentiated into brown adipocytes and we used Seahorse respirometry employing a set of specific substrate inhibitors in the presence or absence of β3-AR agonist CL316,243. The main substrate used by these brown adipocytes were fatty acids, which were oxidized equally during activation as well as during resting condition. [U-13C]-glucose tracer-based metabolomics revealed that the flux through the TCA cycle was enhanced and regulated by pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) activity. Based on 13C-tracer incorporation in lipids, it appeared that most glucose was oxidized via TCA cycle activity, while some was utilized for glycerol-3-phosphate synthesis to replenish the triglyceride pool. Collectively, we show that while fatty acids are the main substrates for oxidation, glucose is also oxidized to meet the increased energy demand during short term β3-AR activation. PDH plays an important role in directing glucose carbons towards oxidation. PMID: 29934543 [PubMed - in process]

Publisher Correction: Thymosin α1 represents a potential potent single-molecule-based therapy for cystic fibrosis.

Sun, 24/06/2018 - 12:26
Related Articles Publisher Correction: Thymosin α1 represents a potential potent single-molecule-based therapy for cystic fibrosis. Nat Med. 2018 Jun 22;: Authors: Romani L, Oikonomou V, Moretti S, Iannitti RG, D'Adamo MC, Villella VR, Pariano M, Sforna L, Borghi M, Bellet MM, Fallarino F, Pallotta MT, Servillo G, Ferrari E, Puccetti P, Kroemer G, Pessia M, Maiuri L, Goldstein AL, Garaci E Abstract In the version of this article originally published, the amino acid sequence for Tα1 described in the Online Methods is incorrect. The sequence is described as "Ac-SDAAVDTSSEITTJDLKEKKEVVEEAEN-OH". It should be "Ac-SDAAVDTSSEITTKDLKEKKEVVEEAEN-OH". The error has been corrected in the HTML and PDF versions of this article. PMID: 29934535 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Author Correction: Thymosin α1 represents a potential potent single-molecule-based therapy for cystic fibrosis.

Sun, 24/06/2018 - 12:26
Related Articles Author Correction: Thymosin α1 represents a potential potent single-molecule-based therapy for cystic fibrosis. Nat Med. 2018 Jun 22;: Authors: Romani L, Oikonomou V, Moretti S, Iannitti RG, D'Adamo MC, Villella VR, Pariano M, Sforna L, Borghi M, Bellet MM, Fallarino F, Pallotta MT, Servillo G, Ferrari E, Puccetti P, Kroemer G, Pessia M, Maiuri L, Goldstein AL, Garaci E Abstract In the version of this article originally published, some labels in Fig. 1f are incorrect. The "β-actin" labels on the second and fourth rows of blots should instead be "β-tubulin". The error has been corrected in the HTML and PDF versions of this article. PMID: 29934534 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Reference samples guide variable selection for correlation of wine sensory and volatile profiling data.

Sun, 24/06/2018 - 12:26
Related Articles Reference samples guide variable selection for correlation of wine sensory and volatile profiling data. Food Chem. 2018 Nov 30;267:344-354 Authors: Sherman E, Harbertson JF, Greenwood DR, Villas-Bôas SG, Fiehn O, Heymann H Abstract The relationship between wine flavour and wine volatile composition is well recognised, however with thousands of compounds in wine the exact nature of individual contributions may be hard to determine due to synergistic and masking effects. Untargeted chemical analyses coupled with descriptive sensory and partial least squares regression modelling can help unravel interactions to identify groups of compounds that contribute to sensory properties. Variable selection is often applied prior to modelling to eliminate irrelevant variables. In this study, sensory references used to train the sensory panel were chemically analysed and employed to reduce the number of variables used to construct the models. This novel variable selection approach was compared against the inclusion of all variables and the most commonly applied variable selection method - analysis of variance. Models constructed from variables present in sensory references performed similarly to other models and identified interesting groups of compounds to investigate further. PMID: 29934177 [PubMed - in process]

New in vitro model derived from brain-specific Mut-/- mice confirms cerebral ammonium accumulation in methylmalonic aciduria.

Sun, 24/06/2018 - 12:26
Related Articles New in vitro model derived from brain-specific Mut-/- mice confirms cerebral ammonium accumulation in methylmalonic aciduria. Mol Genet Metab. 2018 Jun 18;: Authors: Remacle N, Forny P, Cudré-Cung HP, Gonzalez-Melo M, do Vale-Pereira S, Henry H, Teav T, Gallart-Ayala H, Braissant O, Baumgartner M, Ballhausen D Abstract BACKGROUND: Methylmalonic aciduria (MMAuria) is an inborn error of metabolism leading to neurological deterioration. In this study, we used 3D organotypic brain cell cultures derived from embryos of a brain-specific Mut-/- (brain KO) mouse to investigate mechanisms leading to brain damage. We challenged our in vitro model by a catabolic stress (temperature shift). RESULTS: Typical metabolites for MMAuria as well as a massive NH4+ increase were found in the media of brain KO cultures. We investigated different pathways of intracerebral NH4+ production and found increased expression of glutaminase 2 and diminished expression of GDH1 in Mut-/- aggregates. While all brain cell types appeared affected in their morphological development in Mut-/- aggregates, the most pronounced effects were observed on astrocytes showing swollen fibers and cell bodies. Inhibited axonal elongation and delayed myelination of oligodendrocytes were also noted. Most effects were even more pronounced after 48 h at 39 °C. Microglia activation and an increased apoptosis rate suggested degeneration of Mut-/- brain cells. NH4+ accumulation might be the trigger for all observed alterations. We also found a generalized increase of chemokine concentrations in Mut-/- culture media at an early developmental stage followed by a decrease at a later stage. CONCLUSION: We proved for the first time that Mut-/- brain cells are indeed able to produce the characteristic metabolites of MMAuria. We confirmed significant NH4+ accumulation in culture media of Mut-/- aggregates, suggesting that intracellular NH4+ concentrations might even be higher, gave first clues on the mechanisms leading to NH4+ accumulation in Mut-/- brain cells, and showed the involvement of neuroinflammatory processes in the neuropathophysiology of MMAuria. PMID: 29934063 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Metabolomic and BH3 profiling of esophageal cancers: novel assessment methods for precision therapy.

Sun, 24/06/2018 - 12:26
Related Articles Metabolomic and BH3 profiling of esophageal cancers: novel assessment methods for precision therapy. BMC Gastroenterol. 2018 Jun 22;18(1):94 Authors: Taylor Ripley R, Surman DR, Diggs LP, Trepel JB, Lee MJ, Ryan J, Davis JL, Steinberg SM, Hernandez JM, Hoang C, Kenney CM, Bond CD, Kunst TF, Letai A, Schrump DS Abstract BACKGROUND: Esophageal cancers accounted for nearly 16,000 deaths in 2016. The number of patients with esophageal cancers increases every year. Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) prior to esophagectomy is a standard treatment for esophageal cancers. The patients who have no residual tumor (pathological complete response (pCR)) at surgery are the most likely to experience long term survival. Accurately determining which patients will have a pCR will improve prognostic information for patients and families, confirm lack of response to nCRT, or avoid surgery if no residual tumor is present. Imaging, endoscopy, and liquid biomarkers have all failed to detect pCR without performing an esophagectomy. METHODS: In this study, we are enrolling patients with esophageal adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. Patients will undergo standard evaluation including CT scans, laboratory tests, endoscopy with biopsies, and evaluation by a thoracic surgeon. Tissue biopsy is required for enrollment that will be sent for BH3 profiling and metabolomics. Patients will be treated with standard nCRT followed by surgery. Patients with metastatic disease are not eligible. Surgery at the National Cancer Institute will be minimally-invasive robotic surgery. Patients will remain on study indefinitely with regular clinic visits and imaging tests. DISCUSSION: The mitochondria are critically involved in the intrinsic pathway apoptosis. Bcl-2 homology domain 3 (BH3) profiling is a technique to measure a cell's susceptibility to apoptosis. BH3 profiling measures the relative interactions of proteins that induce or block apoptosis. The collective balance of these proteins determines whether a cell is near the threshold to undergo apoptosis. If the cell is near this threshold, then the tumor may be more likely to die when treated with nCRT. The mitochondria secrete metabolites that may be detectable as biomarkers. Metabolomics is a global assessment of all metabolite changes that has been performed for detection, monitoring, prognosis, and treatment response in cancers. Stratification of patients based on whether pCR occurs or not may elucidate metabolomic signatures that may be associated with response. We are asking whether BH3 profiling or a metabolomic signature will correlate with tumor death after nCRT for esophageal cancer. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT03223662 ; Clinicaltrials.gov. July 21, 2017. PMID: 29933761 [PubMed - in process]

The Enchytraeus crypticus stress metabolome - CuO NM case study.

Sun, 24/06/2018 - 12:26
Related Articles The Enchytraeus crypticus stress metabolome - CuO NM case study. Nanotoxicology. 2018 Jun 22;:1-15 Authors: Maria VL, Licha D, Ranninger C, Scott-Fordsmand JJ, Huber CG, Amorim MJB Abstract The stress metabolome provides a thorough insight into the signals and hence mechanisms of response of organisms. This is an excellent tool to advance the understanding of interactions, especially for substances like nanomaterials (NMs), for which there is an urgent need for alternative methods for hazard assessment. The metabolome of Enchytraeus crypticus was studied for the first time. The case study, CuO NM (and CuCl2) covered exposure along a time frame [0-7-14 days (d)] and two reproduction effect concentrations (EC10 and EC50). High-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry based method (HPLC-MS) was used, with reversed phase (RP) separation and mass spectrometric detection in positive and negative modes. Metabolite profiling of Cu materials yielded 155 and 382 metabolite features in positive and negative modes, respectively, showing an expression related with time, material, and ECx. The number of differentially expressed metabolites (DEMs) decreased with exposure time (14 d) for CuO NM, whereas for CuCl2 EC50 it increased. Overall, almost all DEMs are down-regulated for CuO NM and up-regulated for CuCl2 (both modes). Early effects were mainly related to amino acids and later to lysophospholipids (down-regulation). Furthermore, the underlying mechanisms of CuO NM toxicity (e.g. neurotransmission, nucleic acids generation, cellular energy, and immune defense) differ from CuCl2, where later metabolomic responses are mostly linked to the metabolism of lipids and fewer to amino acids. This study reports a large scale metabolome profiling for E. crypticus and identifies potential markers of Cu materials, which can help to align intelligent testing strategies and safer-by-design materials. PMID: 29933707 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

[Inhibitory effect of Scutellariae Radix on hepatic fibrosis based on urinary metabonomic].

Sun, 24/06/2018 - 12:26
Related Articles [Inhibitory effect of Scutellariae Radix on hepatic fibrosis based on urinary metabonomic]. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2018 May;43(10):2140-2146 Authors: Chang H, Meng HY, Wang Y, Teng Z, Liu SM Abstract Urinary metabolomics combined with histological progression were utilized to evaluate the therapeutic effect of Scutellariae Radix decoction and baicalin on hepatic fibrosis (HF) and explore their mechanisms, intervention targets and metabolic pathways. HF rat model was established through subcutaneous injection of CCl₄ for 8 weeks. Meanwhile, different doses of Scutellariae Radix decoction and baicalin were administered. Histomorphology of liver tissue was observed and scored by HE and Masson. Urinary metabonomic analysis based on UPLC-Q-TOF-MS was made for the changes of urinary potential biomarkers among different groups at different time points of HF. Finally, it was found that Scutellariae Radix decoction could improve HF by regulating L-tryptophan, 3-methyldioxyindole, 5-hydroxyindoleacetylglycine, kynurenic acid, 4-(2-amino-3-hydroxyphenyl)-2,4-dioxobutanoic acid, methylmalonic acid and L-leucine. However, baicalin could improve HF by regulating L-tryptophan, 3-methyldioxyindole, 5-hydroxyindoleacetylglycine, 4-(2-amino-3-hydroxyphenyl)-2,4-dioxobutanoic acid, kynurenic acid, and methylmalonic acid. These metabolites involved in tryptophan metabolism and valine, leucine and isoleucine degradation pathways. These results indicated that Scutellariae Radix had the multi-target and multi-pathway characteristics in the treatment of HF. Additionally, low-dose Scutellariae Radix decoction and baicalin are showed better efficacies, with no statistically significant difference between them in histomorphology. PMID: 29933684 [PubMed - in process]

metabolomics; +19 new citations

Sun, 24/06/2018 - 00:22
19 new pubmed citations were retrieved for your search. Click on the search hyperlink below to display the complete search results: metabolomics These pubmed results were generated on 2018/06/23PubMed comprises more than millions of citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.

metabolomics; +19 new citations

Sat, 23/06/2018 - 12:14
19 new pubmed citations were retrieved for your search. Click on the search hyperlink below to display the complete search results: metabolomics These pubmed results were generated on 2018/06/23PubMed comprises more than millions of citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.

metabolomics; +29 new citations

Fri, 22/06/2018 - 17:57
29 new pubmed citations were retrieved for your search. Click on the search hyperlink below to display the complete search results: metabolomics These pubmed results were generated on 2018/06/22PubMed comprises more than millions of citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.

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